Pirjo Linnakylä

is Professor of Educational Assessment and Evaluation in the Institute for Educational Research at the University of Jyväs-kylä, Finland, acting also as Vice Director of the Institute. Her fields of expertise are large-scale international assessments and educational system evaluation as well as comparative educati-onal research. She is a reading literacy and multiliteracy speci-alist. She has acted as a national coordinator of the IEA Rea-ding Literacy Study, the IEA Second Information Technology Study (module 1) and the OECD International Adult Literacy Survey. She has been a member of the OECD PISA Reading Expert Group (2000 - 2006) and the PISA Questionnaire Ex-pert Group (2007 - ). She has been responsible for the imple-mentation of the PISA reading literacy assessment in Finland in 2000 and 2003 as well as in various secondary studies con-ducted on the multinational PISA data. Nationally, she has been involved in various literacy and multiliteracy research and assessment projects focusing on literacy and equity issues. She has also worked for the European Commission in the Fo-cus Group on Key Competences. She is the author of more than a hundred scientific articles, monigraphs and text books.

Sari Sulkunen

Sari Sulkunen currently works as a senior researcher at the Finnish Institute for Educa-tional Research at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Her fields of expertise are reading literacy, international reading literacy assessment, authentic assessment and text au-thenticity in assessment and instruction. She completed her PhD degree in Finnish lan-guage in 2007 (thesis Text Authenticity in International Reading Literacy Assessment. Focusing on PISA 2000). She has worked in several international reading literacy assessments, such as the Interna-tional Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) implemented in Finland in 1997 – 2000 and OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in years 2000, 2003 and 2009. She has also worked as a university teacher teaching mother tongue teacher trainees at the Department of Languages, University of Jyväskylä. Currently she is re-sponsible for the reading literacy assessment of PISA 2009 in Finland and acts as a na-tional research coordinator (NRC) for IEA’s Progress in Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) in Finland.

Inga Arffman

Inga Arffman, PhD in Applied Linguistics, is a Researcher at the Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. She has worked in several international assessments of reading literacy, such as PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), IALS (International Adult Literacy Survey) and PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competences). Her special fields of expertise are text and text analysis, text comprehension and comprehensibility, translation and the comparability of test instruments used in international reading literacy assessments. She is currently making research (funded by the Academy of Finland) on the different-language texts and items used in PISA reading literacy assessments, aimed at developing the translation procedures and the comparability of the instruments employed in these assessments. She is a member of the European Association for Language Testing and Assessment (EALTA).